Horse chestnut Description. Horse chestnut is actually related to its American counterpart in the Aesculus genus, yellow buckeye. In: EOLspecies, Bee trees – Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), "The Discovery and Rediscovery of the Horse Chestnut", "Conkers - collected for use in two world wars", "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Aesculus hippocastanum", "Spiders vs conkers: the definitive guide", National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, "Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency", "Anne Frank's 'beautiful' tree felled by Amsterdam storm", "Anne Frank tree falls over in heavy wind, rain", "Saplings from Anne Frank's tree take root in US", "Thujoy Khreshchatyk". The raw seeds, bark, flowers, and leaves of horse chestnut are unsafe because they contain a toxic component. Quercetin 3,4'-diglucoside, a flavonol glycoside can also be found in horse chestnut seeds. Taxon page for Cameraria ohridella Deschka & Dimic 1986. for 6 days, 40 in-patients with normal kidney function given 10 mg iv. One of them was planted outdoors in March 2013 in front of the Children's Museum of Indianapolis, where they were originally quarantined. A total of 83 subjects were studied; 18 healthy volunteers given 10 or 20 mg iv. These nuts may not be lethal, but they are toxic and easily confused with the unrelated and edible chestnut, as they have the same shape, alluring sheen and are housed within an accessory fruit. The chemicals in horse chestnuts can also keep moths away. The toxic, inedible chestnut, also called the horse chestnut, has a husk that is much smoother, with only a few warts. Other investigations focus on the role of the major component aescin in male fertility, antiobesity, and anti-inflammatory effects. The Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) is a deciduous tree that is native to the Balkans but is now found growing in Europe, Asia, North America, Australia, and New Zealand. The usual dose of horse chestnut in capsule form is 1 capsule every 12 hours before a meal. In Britain and Ireland, the seeds are used for the popular children's game conkers. how much sun and water they’ve had). Each conker is 2–4 cm (3⁄4–1 1⁄2 in) in diameter, glossy nut-brown with a whitish scar at the base. This process generally involves standardized extract formulations to remove esculin, the most toxic component. One serious safety issue is rare cases of acute anaphylactic reactions, presumably in a context of whole HCE. It is a medium-sized tree growing to 15 to 25 m tall.  Usually only 1–5 fruits develop on each panicle; the shell is a green, spiky capsule containing one (rarely two or three) nut-like seeds called conkers or horse-chestnuts. Although not dangerous to touch, they cause sickness when eaten; consumed by horses, they can cause tremors and lack of coordination. , The horse chestnut tree is one of the symbols of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. Smaller quantities are available peeled and frozen or in value-added forms like chips, flour and slices. Two preparations are considered: whole horse chestnut extract (whole HCE) and purified β-aescin. These nuts may lead to death when consumed in raw form, according to the National Institutes of Health. The horse chestnut is a much loved tree in the United Kingdom. The horse chestnut’s fruit is a spiny green capsule 2 to 3 inches (5-7.6 cm.) Varicose veins Horse chestnut contains a compound called aescin, which has been found to produce an anti-inflammatory effect. Consuming the nuts or drinking a tea made from horse chestnut leaves can lead to horse chestnut poisoning. A century of. dose on the day of surgery (49.2 ± 19.3 mg) and 15.4 ± 9.4 mg daily for the following 10 days and 13 patients with impaired kidney function due to glomerulonephritis or pyelonephritis, who were given 20–25 mg iv. The horse chestnut leaf miner can occur on trees in huge numbers, causing the foliage to turn brown and fall early. Source: Bob Richmond. Take the capsule with a full glass of water. ... Saponins are mildly toxic and that is the reason horse chestnuts and buckeye are not edible in their raw state. Cultivation for its spectacular spring flowers is successful in a wide range of temperate climatic conditions provided summers are not too hot, with trees being grown as far north as Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, the Faroe Islands, Reykjavík, Iceland and Harstad, Norway. Horse chestnut seed is classified by the FDA as an unsafe herb. Horse chestnuts are the ones commonly found in forests and backyards. 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