kazakhstan ethnic groups percentage

United States government sources, including the CIA World Fact Book and the US Census Bureau International Data Base, listed the population as 15,340,533,[12] while the World Bank gave a 2002 estimate of 14,858,948. The Kazakhs, a Turkic people, are the second largest Muslim people group of Central Asia. Kazakhstan is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Russia, and the Caspian Sea.. Kazakhstan Demographics. Kazakhstan has very little wooded area, amounting to only about 3 percent of the territory. Today, the Armenians have a population of approximately 3.5 million people. In the early 1990s, the majority of Russians opted to go back to Russia citing lack of economic opportunities in Kazakhstan. In the 1890s, Russian peasants began to settle the fertile lands of northern Kazakhstan, causing many Kazakhs to move eastwards into Chinese territory in search of new grazing grounds. Islam took root and is now the predominant religion among the community members. Note that a large percentage of the population are of mixed ethnicity. Random. Last updated: July 29, 2020. It is the most developed nation in Central Asia and generates close to 60% of the GDP of the region. The annual growth rate from 1990–2002 was 2.6 percent. The collectivization famine in Kazakhstan, 1931–1933. Other major ethnic groups in Afghanistan include Turkmen (3%) and Balochi (Baluch) (2%). Czechs are also found in US, UK, Italy, Germany, and Canada. Kazakhstan population density. Many Afghans are bilingual. [27][28] The first collectivized farms opened in Kazakhstan in 1921, populated primarily by Russians and Soviet deportees. Fewer than one-fifth of the more than eight million ethnic Kazakhs live outside Kazakhstan, mainly in Uzbekistan and Russia.During the 19th century about 400,000 Russians flooded into Kazakhstan, and these were supplemented by about 1,000,000 Slavs, Germans, Jews, and others who immigrated to the region during the first third of the 20th century. In 2010, the major Central Asian ethnic groups (Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz) together form 60 percent of the population. Most of the Kazakhs live in Kazakhstan. Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10% Guinea … Some use the word Kazakh to refer to the Kazakh ethnic group and language (autochthonous to Kazakhstan as well as parts of Russia, China and Mongolia) and Kazakhstani to refer to Kazakhstan and its citizens regardless of ethnicity,[2][3] but it is common to use Kazakh in both senses.[4][5][6]. There are others which do not belong to any of these aforementioned ethic groups, and collectively they make up 5% of the total population in the country. In The World Factbook 2013-14. Quiz by letzi. Other ethnic groups include the Uzbeks, Germans and Ukrainians. Structure of the population (01.07.2008) (Estimates) : Total fertility rate by regions of Kazakhstan: Mangystau - 3.80, South Kazakhstan - 3.71, Kyzylorda - 3.42, Atyrau - 3.29, Jambyl - 3.20, Aqtobe - 2.70, Almaty (province) - 2.65, Almaty (city) - 2.65, City of Astana - 2.44, West Kazakhstan - 2.29, Aqmola - 2.19, East Kazakhstan - 2.07, Qaragandy - 2.04, Pavlodar - 1.98, North Kazakhstan - 1.72, Qostanay - 1.70, Republic of Kazakhstan - 2.65. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Kazakh ethnicity is based on a compilation of Turkic and Mongol tribes that settled in the region around the 13th century. Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group, followed by Russians who make up 23.7% of the population. The Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group in Kazakhstan with an estimated population of 11 million people as of 2007. It suggests a growing population. The downward trend continued through 2002, when the estimated population bottomed out at 14.9 million, and then resumed its growth. An ethnicity is a group of people who have a common cultural background or a common national background. The 1906 completion of the Trans-Aral Railway between Orenburg and Tashkent further facilitated Russian colonization. Most of the Kazakhs live in Kazakhstan. Most Uzbeks in Kazakhstan live in Chimkent Oblast which is in the southern parts of the country. Non-Muslim ethnic minorities departed Kazakhstan in large numbers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s and a national program has repatriated about a million ethnic Kazakhs (from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang region of China) back to Kazakhstan. They use the Kazakh language which is written in Cyrillic, but some Kazakhs living in China use an Arabic-derived alphabet. According to the last national census of 2009. [29] Hundreds of thousands also fled to China, Iran and Afghanistan. Schreiber, Dagmar and Tredinnick, Jeremy. They are the third-largest ethnic group in the country making them one of the largest minority groups. [13] This discrepancy was presumably due to difficulties in measurement caused by the large migratory population in Kazakhstan, emigration, and low population density - only about 5.5 persons per km² in an area the size of Western Europe. Thus it can be seen that fertility rate is higher in more traditionalist and religious south and west, and lower in the north and east, where the percentage of Slavic and German population is still relatively high. … Given the emigration, Kazakhstan's ethnic make up is ever-changing. Russians of Kazakhstan together with other ethnic groups of the region suffered heavily during the Russian Civil War and Collectivisation in the USSR and endured repeated famines and unrest. Guess which are the main ethnic groups in Kazakhstan. ), January-September of 2019: 301,024 (21.7), January-September of 2019: 200,979 (14.5), This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:11. Rate: Nominate. [8] Significant numbers of Russians returned to Russia. The country is located along historic trade routes, and those used by militaries during invasions, between Eastern Asia and Western Asia. The famine rendered Kazakhs a minority within Kazakhstan, and only after the republic gained independence in 1991 did Kazakhs recover a slim demographic majority within Kazakhstan. Roughly 3.5 million people died in Ukraine during the Ukrainian famine of 1931-33, and there are a number of striking similarities between the two disasters. All Quizzes. The legal ban on parties with an ethnic, religious, or gender focus—combined with the dominance of Nur Otan—limits the ability of women and minority groups to organize independently and advocate for their interests through the political system. "2017 жылдың басынан 2018 жылдың 1 қаңтарына дейінгі Қазақстан Республикасы халық санының өзгеруі туралы", Population dynamics and ethnic composition of Kazakhstan in the second half of the 20th century, "World DataBank>World Development Indicators", http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm#2001, "О демографической ситуации в Республике Казахстан", "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics", "Kazakhstan: Demographic and Health Survey, 1999 - Final Report, Chapter 4: Fertility", "ETHNIC DIFFERENTIATION OF FERTILITY IN KAZAKHSTAN", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", https://www.liportal.de/fileadmin/user_upload/oeffentlich/Kasachstan/40_gesellschaft/Kaz2009_Analytical_report.pdf, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kz.html, "Äåìîñêîï Weekly - Ïðèëîæåíèå. But since 1939 population has steadily increased to 16.5 million in the 1989, according to corresponding year census. Major Ethnic Groups Of Kazakhstan Kazakhs. About 52 percent of the population was urban as of 2002, with a growth rate of 3.1 percent. In the early 19thcentury, the Kazakhstan church was part of the Orthodox Church in Turkestan, but in 1945 it was divided into smaller dioceses where an Orthodox church was built in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Immigrants in Kazakhstan represent 1.5 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Notes: Major Religions: Religion percentages are derived from summing Joshua Project's data for all people groups who live in each country.The number of individuals who practice each religion, by people group, are summed. Spice… Most of its members belong to the Russians, Ukrainian, and the Belarusians ethnic groups. The Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group in Kazakhstan with an estimated population of 11 million people as of 2007. As a result of this shift, the ethnic Kazakh share of the population now exceeds two-thirds. Berkeley: University of California Press. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. In 1918-1931 Basmachi Revolt affected areas of southern Kazakh SSR often taking a form of an ethnic conflict between Russian and Ukrainian farmers and native Muslim nomads. Login. 1 Births and deaths until 1979 are estimates. Central Intelligence Agency. Olcott, M. B. en-1. Retrieved from, First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union, "Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Committee on statistics: Main socio-economic indicators". Ethnic groups: This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. The official languages in Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari. Most Christians in Kazakhstan are Eastern Orthodox, and to a lesser extent, Roman Catholic. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In The United States, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. This movement resulted in devastating famine, claiming the lives of an estimated 40% of ethnic Kazakhs (1.5 million), between 1930-33. Kazakhstan is a nation in Central Asia and the world's biggest landlocked area in terms of land area. Russians were first reported in the country in the 16th century as traders. Syria’s population was estimated at 20.8 million (World Bank,2011) and was growing at an estimated rate of 2.4 percent in 2004. According to the 2009 census, the ethnic composition of Kazakhstan is approximately: 63.1% Kazakh, 23.7% Russian, 2.9% Uzbek, 2.1% Ukrainian, 1.4% Uyghur, 1.3% Tatar, 1.1% German, 1% Kyrgyz, and <1% Korean, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Dungan, Kurd, Tajik, Pole, Chechen. In times past, they may have been the most influential of the various Central Asian ethnic groups. Most Christians in Kazakhstan are Eastern Orthodox, and to a lesser extent, Roman Catholic. [30], According to the 2009 census, the ethnic composition of Kazakhstan is approximately: 63.1% Kazakh, 23.7% Russian, 2.9% Uzbek, 2.1% Ukrainian, 1.4% Uyghur, 1.3% Tatar, 1.1% German, 1% Kyrgyz, and <1% Korean, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Dungan, Kurdish, Tajik, Polish, Chechen.[31]. Less than 25% of the population of Kazakhstan is Russian Orthodox, traditionally including ethnic Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians. Asian Ethnicity, 5(1), 61–79. [27], Demographics would continue to shift in the 1950-1960s, wherein as part of Nikita Khrushchev's Virgin Lands Campaign, hundreds of thousands of Soviet deportees were relocated to the Kazakh steppes in order to farm. Pierce, A. R. (1960) Russian Central Asia, 1867-1917: A study in colonial rule. In 2006, the president of Kazakhstan proposed a shift from the use of Cyrillic to Latin. Other ethnic groups include the Uzbeks, Germans and Ukrainians. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Kazakhstan divided by total area of the country. In times past, they may have been the most influential of the various Central Asian ethnic groups. Armenians are mostly Christians, predominantly of the Apostolic Church religion. Kazakhstan’s ethnic German population dropped sharply, from 946,900 people in 1989 to 353,400 in 1999. The group was initially called the Bohemians because of their initial settlement in Bohemia during the late Iron Age. As recognized in the 1959 census, the Kazaks became a minority for the first time in history, comprising just 30% of the total population of Kazakhstan. These estimates have been confirmed by the 2009 population census, and this means that the decline in population that began after 1989 has been arrested and reversed. Czech… (2014). Kazakhstan Demographics The ethnic majority of the country is the ethnic Kazakhs (63.1%), although there are a large number of other ethnicities present as well, such as ethnic Russians (23.7%), Uzbeks (2.9%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uygurs (1.4%), Tatars (1.3%) and Germans (1.1%). However, they migrated into the various modern day settlements in the 20th century. (1995). MANY PEOPLE OFTEN MISTAKE CAUCASIAN PEOPLE IN KAZAKHSTAN AS ETHNIC KAZAKHS. For a period of more than four thousand years, the Armenians have occupied the Armenian Highland. Popular Category:Ethnic groups in Kazakhstan: | |Subcategories| |This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total.|... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Official estimates put the population of Kazakhstan at 18,137,300 as of December 2017, of which 44% is rural and 56% urban population. Kazakhstan population density is 6.9 people per square kilometer (18.0/mi 2) as of December 2020. Blog. Kazakhstan, officially referred to as the Republic of Kazakhstan is a transcontinental county located in Central Asia and extends to parts of Eastern Europe. Christianity is the second largest religion in Kazakhstan, with 26.3% of the total population practicing it. Afghanistan is a country in the greater Middle East. The proportion of Kazakhs makes up 63.6%, Russians 23.7%, Uzbeks 2.9%, Ukrainians 2.1%, Uygur 1.4%, Tatars 1.3%, Germans 1.1%, others 3.9%. Kazakhs including other ethnic groups of Muslim background make up over 90 per cent of all Muslims. It therefore enjoys a mixture of cultures borrowed from Europe, Eastern and Western Asia. In 1930, as part of the first Five Year Plan, the Kazakh Central Committee decreed the sedentarization of nomads and their incorporation into collectivized farms. Ethnic groups of Kazakhstan . [20][21][22], According to the Kazakhstan Demographic and Health Survey in 1999, the TFR for Kazakhs was 2.5 and that for Russians was 1.38. Islam is the most commonly practiced religion in Kazakhstan; it was introduced to the region during the 8th century by the Arabs. TFR in 1989 for Kazakhs & Russians were 3.58 and 2.24 respectively. Create Account. Guess which are the main ethnic groups in Kazakhstan. As a result of this shift, the ethnic Kazakh share of the population now exceeds two-thirds. Population of Kazakhstan (in millions) from 1950–2009. Kazakh (Qazaq) 68%, Russian 19.3%, Uzbek 3.2%, Ukrainian 1.5%, Uighur 1.5%, Tatar 1.1%, German 1%, other 4.4% (2019 est.) During collectivization, Kazakhs lost a greater percentage of their population due to famine than any other ethnic group. The ethnic diversity of Kazakhstan is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Fishermen take sturgeon, herring, and roach from the Caspian Sea. It's actually an interesting question. Other minorities living in the country include Germans and Ukrainians. [23], Source: UN World Population Prospects[25], Kazakhstan's dominant ethnic group Kazakhs, traces its origin to 15th century, when a number of Turkic and some Mongol tribes united to establish the Kazakh Khanate. The Germans of Kazakhstan or German Kazakhstanis are a minority in Kazakhstan, and make up a small percentage of the population. Ethnic Kazakhs are 63.1% of the population and ethnic Russians in Kazakhstan are 23.7%. Ethnicities are groups of people who tend to share common foods, religious practices, holidays, and so on. The Kazakhs. Russians numbered 42.7%. With cohesive culture and national identity, they constituted absolute majority on the land until Russian colonization. Physically Kazakhs belong to same race as Vietnamese, Mongolian, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans. The proportion of men makes up 48.3%, the proportion of women 51.7%. Islam was introduced later when Islam missionaries entered Central Asia. Retrieved from. Ethnic Russians form a majority in some northern towns along Kazakhstan’s long border with Russia, where Astana has a close eye on the delicate ethnic balance. Numbering nearly a million at the time of the Soviet dissolution, most have emigrated since then, usually to Germany or Russia. They are believed to have come from Iran and are predominantly Sunni Muslims. The decreasing nature of Kazakhstan's population (-.09 percent in 1999) is due, in part, to low birth-rates and mass emigration by non-Kazakhs, mainly Russians and Germans (Kazakhstan's net migration rate was -7.73 migrants per 1,000 people in 1999). People from the same ethnic origin can have similar genetics due to how people have evolved and migrated over the last 200,000 years. However, this was still a rather diverse group, and they didn't really consider themselves to be one peopl… This number is divided by the country's total population to derive the religion's percentage. [7] The 2009 population estimate is 6.8% higher than the population reported in the last census from January 1999 (slightly less than 15 million). Create / Edit Quiz. Kazakhstan is a Kremlin ally, but Moscow’s aggressive rhetoric rattles nerves in a country with an ethnic Russian minority of 21 percent nationwide. Artystanbek Mukhamediuly, Kazakhtan’s culture and sports minister, says that 83.1 percent of the population of his country now speaks Kazakh, a figure that means more than half of all non-Kazakhs do and one that reduces the isolation of the 20 percent who are ethnic Russian and Moscow’s ability to play that group against the Kazakhstan state. Ambassador Erlan A Idissov, Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the USA. People Ethnic groups. Armenia was one of the first nations in the world to accept Ch… It has a population of 18 million and a population density of roughly 6 people per square mile, making it one of the most sparsely populated countries. Home; Books; Search; Support. It is the largest landlocked country in the world covering approximately 1,052,100 square miles. Find References in Wikipedia, Britannica, Columbia, Encyclopedia.com. Non-Muslim ethnic minorities departed Kazakhstan in large numbers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s and a national program has repatriated about a million ethnic Kazakhs (from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang region of China) back to Kazakhstan. More . The population is concentrated along th… Traditionally ethnic Kazakhs are Sunni Muslims who mainly follow the Hanafi school. The first census in Kazakhstan was conducted under Russian Imperial rule in 1897, which estimated population at round 4 million people. As of 2003, there were discrepancies between Western sources regarding the population of Kazakhstan. Pianciola, N. (2001). The Czech people are the largest ethnic group in the country with its population accounting for 63.7% of the country’s population, translating to 6.7 million people. Most of its members belong to the Russians, Ukrainian, and the Belarusians ethnic groups. Kazakhstan, largest country in Central Asia. Ñïðàâî÷íèê ñòàòèñòè÷åñêèõ ïîêàçàòåëåé", http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/Documents/Перепись%20рус.pdf, Population and social policy, Statistical Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan (kaz, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Kazakhstan&oldid=992859753, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with dead external links from February 2017, Pages using bar box without float left or float right, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 7.9% (male 426,494/female 797,655) (2009 est. Russians in Kazakhstan and demographic change: Imperial legacy and the Kazakh way of nation building. Kazakhstan’s unusually diverse ethnic makeup (there are according to some official documents 106 ‘nationalities’) was partially due to it being a historical transit point for Central Asian groups moving west. The Kazakhs developed a distinct ethnic identity in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. With cohesive culture and national identity, they constituted absolute majority on the land until Russian colonization. However, several of Kazakhstan’s sixteen top-level administrative divisions (called oblasts ) are still over 40% Slavic, as are many more of the lower-level divisions called rayons ( … Zardykhan, Z. (2004). Since they are the majority ethnic group, they have been able to occupy the conflicted region of Artsakh. The ancestors of the community belonged to Tengrism religion and later converted to Christianity. Large communities can also be found in Mongolia, Ukraine and Russia. Harvard Ukrainian Studies, 25(3/4), 237–251. The wolf, bear, and snow leopard, as well as the commercially important ermine and sable, are found in the hills. By Kenneth Kimutai too on July 31 2019 in Society. Kazakhs make the largest part (58.9 percent) of the population in Kazakhstan, where “more than 100 ethnic groups live in peace”, according to the government. Immigrants in Kazakhstan represent 21.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Many animals, including antelope and elk, inhabit the plains. It is bounded on the north by Russia, on the east by China, on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, the Aral Sea, and Turkmenistan, and on the southwest by the Caspian Sea. In fact, about 63% of Kazakhstani people identify as ethnically Kazakh. Christianity is the second largest religion in Kazakhstan, with 26.3% of the total population practicing it. One of the most significant population groups in Kazakhstan in the twentieth century was the Germans deported during the war years. Other groups include Tatars (1.3%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uzbeks (2.8%), … Syria is one of the most densely populated countries in the Middle East (57 people per square kilometer in 1986 and about 363 per square kilometer in 2004), but there are significant regional variations. Large communities can also be found in Mongolia, Ukraine and Russia. Kazakhstan’s ethnic composition has undergone a radical change over the first decade of its independence as a result of emigration of Russians and other Russian-speaking groups, mainly Germans. Official estimates indicate that the population continued to increase after 1989, peaking out at 17 million in 1993 and then declining to 15 million in the 1999 census. Women currently hold 27 percent of the seats in the Mazhilis and less than 11 percent of the seats in the Senate. Russian advancement into the territory of Kazakhstan began in the late 18th century, when the Kazakhs nominally accepted Russian rule in exchange for protection against repeated attacks by the western Mongolian Kalmyks. Okay, so what's that mean? The demographics of Kazakhstan enumerate the demographic features of the population of Kazakhstan, including population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population. The attempt failed with critics arguing that this would erode the rich history of the community and the country as a whole. Kazakhstan's dominant ethnic group Kazakhs, traces its origin to 15th century, when a number of Turkic and some Mongol tribes united to establish the Kazakh Khanate. Mainly follow the Hanafi school are also found in Us, UK, Italy,,... Located along historic trade routes, and to a lesser extent, Roman Catholic in Afghanistan include Turkmen 3. 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The Trans-Aral Railway between Orenburg and Tashkent further facilitated Russian colonization Republic of Kazakhstan is Russian,! 1926 census, there were discrepancies between Western sources regarding the population ethnic German population dropped sharply, from people! ( 1960 ) Russian Central Asia Iran and are predominantly Sunni Muslims who mainly follow Hanafi. Extent, Roman Catholic their daily conversation it is the most commonly practiced religion Kazakhstan. Main ethnic groups include the Uzbeks in the early 1990s, the president of Kazakhstan is by. Population of Kazakhstan or German Kazakhstanis are a minority in Kazakhstan as ethnic..

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